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DPP and the adoption of GS1 standards for the identification of construction products

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Under the framework of the EU Green Deal, setting the objective of becoming the firstclimate-neutral region by 2050, the European Union (EU) adopted the Construction Products Regulation (CPR) proposal on 30th March 2022. The proposed regulation includes the EU Digital Product Passport (DPP), a new concept. In addition, the proposed regulation sets mandatory green public procurement criteria. The overall aim of the proposal is to reduce the life cycle environmental impact of products through efficient digital solutions and also to enable the objectives of EU industrial policy such as boosting the demand for sustainable goods and supporting sustainable production.

From 2026 on, companies will be obliged to identify their products and supply chain events in order to be compliant with the new requirements. But how can CO2 emissions be calculated, and supply chain events regarding finished products be recorded and disclosed, if products are not correctly identified?

Whitepaper Aims

The aim of this paper is to investigate how GS1 standards can be applied to construction products in order to meet the DPP requirements for globally unique, interoperable and non-proprietary methods of product identification. As the DPP for construction products is a new concept, the methodology of research for this paper is the problem-solving approach (action research) based on a desk study. It analyses the requirements of the DPP and investigates how GS1 Standards can address them.

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